Thursday, February 26, 2015

PRESENT CONTINUOUS & GERUND SPELLING


Use of the PRESENT CONTINUOUS (PRESENT PROGRESSIVE)


 
ACTIONS HAPPENING AT THE MOMENT OF SPEAKING (NOW)
TEMPORARY SITUATIONS
FIXED PLANS OR ARRANGEMENTS

 


STRUCTURE


AFFIRMATIVE

SUBJECT + BE (PRESENT) + VERB_ING

I´m calling about an order…

I´m writing to you to complain about…

He´s leaving right now.

INTERROGATIVE

BE + SUBJECT + VERB_ING…?

Are you staying in this hotel?

Yes, I am./ No, I’m not.

WH-      Be+ SUBJECT + VERB_ING?

Why is she crying?

NEGATIVE

I’m not saying…

He’s not leaving…

They’re not working today

 

SPELLING OF GERUND

BASIC RULE:

ADD “ING”

RAINING, TALKING, WASHING, WATCHING, GOING, PLAYING, SAYING, TELLING…

STUDYING, CARRYING, HURRYING..

OMIT ENDING “E”:

TAKING, COMING, CLOSING, HAVING, LEAVING, LIVING…

BUT THE EXCEPTION IS A FINAL DOUBLE “ee”:

AGREEING

DOUBLE LAST CONSONANT:

MONOSYLLABLES ENDING IN “CONSONANT-VOWEL-CONSONANT): SET, CUT, GET, SIT…

SETTING, CUTTING, RUNNING, SWIMMING, CHATTING, GETTING, SITTING…

BEGINNING (STRESS IN LAST SYLLABLE: begin

BUT, VISIT, VISITING

IRREGULAR CASES:

LIE-------LYING;       DIE/DYE------DYING;            TIE-------TYING

 

Useful links:





 

 

 

 

 

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

SAYING NUMBERS/REMEMBER TO GET THE BOOK


SAYING NUMBERS

 

100                         one hundred/a hundred

1000                       one thousand/a thousand

1000 000               one million/a million

 

189                         ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY NINE (A HUNDRED AND EIGHTY NINE)

 

IT WOULD BE INCORRECT TO SAY: A ONE HUNDRED!

 

123, 890          ONE HUNDRED TWENTY THREE THOUSAND, EIGHT HUNDRED (AND) NINETY

1’292,736        ONE MILLION, TWO HUNDRED NINETY-TWO THOUSAND, SEVEN HUNDRED (AND) THIRTY SIX

234

BILLION:

 

bil·lion (bn)

 (bĭl′yən)

n.

1. The cardinal number equal to 109.                                                   1000 000 000

2. Chiefly British The cardinal number equal to 1012.                    1 000 000 000 000

 

1.7 bn                    one point seven billions

€1.8 bn                 One point eight billion euros

 

CURRENCIES:

£                              pounds (libra esterlina)          (Pound could also refer to weight: libra=454 grams)

¥                              yens

 

Dollars, rupees, francs, pesos…

 

SOME ORDINAL NUMBERS (spelling)

 

FIFTH

EIGHTH

NINTH

TWELFTH

TWENTIETH

 

Useful links:




http://www.english-at-home.com/pronunciation/saying-dates-and-numbers-in-english/

ORAL PRESENTATION THIS FRIDAY, 2 MINUTES


https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQqCzeAr3OLrRSydp-wgNXs5gart9xW-cDqS3ukqih5dn5bVLQd

 

Procter & Gamble

Company

Procter & Gamble Co., also known as P&G, is an American multinational consumer goods company headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, founded by William Procter and James Gamble, both from the United Kingdom.

Stock price: PG (NYSE) $85.21 -1.05 (-1.22%)






As of July 1, 2014, the company structure is categorized into four Global Business Units (GBUs) and five Selling & Market Organizations (SMOs).

  • GBUs
    • Beauty, Hair, and Personal Care
    • Baby, Feminine, and Family Care
    • Fabric and Home Care
    • Health and Grooming

  • SMOs
    • Asia
    • Europe
    • India, the Middle East, and Africa (IMEA)
    • Latin America
    • North America

 

Cincinnati-procter-and-gamble-headquarters.jpg
Procter & Gamble headquarters in Downtown Cincinnati, Ohio
·         NYSEPG
·         Dow Jones Industrial Average component
·         S&P 500 component
Industry
Founded
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States (October 31, 1837; 177 years ago (1837-10-31))
Founders
·         William Procter
·         James Gamble
Headquarters
1 P&G Plaza, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Area served
Worldwide (except Cuba)
Key people
A.G. Lafley (Chairman, President and CEO)
Products
Cleaning agents and personal care products
Brands
Revenue
IncreaseUS$ 84.17 billion[1] (2013)
IncreaseUS$ 14.48 billion[1] (2013)
IncreaseUS$ 11.31 billion[1] (2013)
IncreaseUS$ 139.26 billion[1] (2013)
IncreaseUS$ 68.06 billion[1] (2013)
Number of employees
121,000[1] (2013)
Touching lives, improving life
Website

 

 

VOCABULARY:

equity

The investment made by the owners and shareholders of a company in that company

.

TOTAL EQUITY: PATRIMONIO NETO (capital)

 

 

Investment: inversión

Share: acción

Shareholder: accionista

 

 

ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: ACTIVOS Y PASIVOS

LINK FOR ACCOUNTING INFORMATION:


 

Image result for assets and liabilities

 

 

Image result for assets and liabilities

 

 

Image result for assets and liabilities

Image result for assets and liabilities

 

 

Image result for assets and liabilities

 

 

Image result for assets and liabilities

 

noun: IOU; plural noun: IOUs

a signed document acknowledging a debt.

 

Debt: deuda

 

DEFINITION of 'IOU' An informal document that acknowledges a debt owed. IOU is an abbreviation, in phonetic terms, of "I owe you." The debt owed does not necessarily involve a monetary value but can also involve other products.